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Places of interest in North Sulawesi

|Air Madidi |Air Prang |Air Anjing |BumiNyiur Melambai |Batu Bumi in Beringin |Bunaken Island|Bitung |Bolaang Mongondow |Bolonsio Mountain |Batuputih Recreation Park |Batuangus Recreation Park |Dumoga |Dumoga Bone National Park|Dua Saudara Mountains Nature reserve |Horse Racing|Indra Loka|Manado City |Manado Jail |Manado Beach |Mount Lokon |Molosing Island|Mount Lokon Nature Reserve |Mount Tangkoko Nature Reserve|Mount Ambang Nature Reserve |Manembo-nembo Wildlife Reserve|Naha |Kolintang|Kinilow|Kawarukan Beach|Kema |Karumenga |Kayu Watu |Kema Island|Kotamobagu|Kasinggolan|Karakelang Island |Kakas |Karakelang Island Hunting Park |Lake Tondano |Lahendo |Liang Bay|Lembe Island |Lake Mooat |Remboken Recreation Park |Siladen Island |Sonder |Sangihe |Sangir Besar|Siau |Salibabu|The Princess of Pikan the Unifier|The Europeans |The Western Influence in Minahasa |Toar-Lumimuut Monument |The Museum of the Province of North Sulawesi |The Temple of Ban Hian Kiong|The Teling Soldier's Hospital |Towards Minahasa|The Grave of Imam Bonjol |The Grave of Kyai Mojo|The Javanese Caves |Tara-tara|Tomohon|Tasik Ria|Tountimomor Horse Racing|Tangkoko-Batuangus |Tiga Island|Tobongan Tapaibeken |Talaud|Tahuna|Tiwonanai Cave and Pani Cave|Pasar Empat Puluh Lima |Porsea |Welcome To North Sulawesi |Wanang Park|Walanda Maramis Monument|Worang Battalion Monument|Waruga |Watu Pinabetengan |Walian |Wawontulap Arakan Sea Nature Reserve |Youth Center Complex|


Bumi Nyiur Melambai

The province of North Sulawesi occupies the end section of the northern arm of Sulawesi. The province covers an area of 25,786 square kilometers, and is inhabited by more than 2.3 million people.

The people of North Sulawesi consists of several groups. Dominant are the Minahasans, the people of Gorontalo, and those of Bolaang Mongodow and Sangihe-Talaud. In addition, there are many sub-groups distributed in the province.

The people of Minahasa usually refer to themselves as Manadonese, that is, people from the city Manado, the capital of the province of North Sulawesi. Manado, of course, is inhabited not only Minahasans but also by many others, such as Bolaang Mongondow, Sangihe-Talaud, Gorontalo and newcomers like Chinese, the Arabs, Europeans, Bugis, people from Buton and Banjar and many others.

According to the legend Minahasan myth of origin, Toar Lumimaa, a woman by the name of Lumimuut once lived together with a man named Toar, who was descended from the gods.

Both decided, one day, to separate with the commitment to meet again at certain place under a tuis tree. Each of them brought along the sprout of a tuis tree, to see whether, when they came back, the tree would have sprouted again. If it did, it would mean that they had no family relationship and could marry each other.

Thence, they wandered for many years. One day, they came back and met each other at the mentioned tuis tree. It appeared that the tree has sprouted again. So, they got married. Their descendants are Minahasan people of today.

Found in Malesung, about 50 kilometers from Manado, on the slope of the mountain Tonderukan, is a stone regarded as the symbol of descent, called Watu Pinabetengan, or Pinabetengan Stone.

The stone was given a concrete roof in 1974. Stripes are found on one side of the stone, outlining the human figure. Those stripes are still a mystery.

It is said at this stone, Toar and Lumimuut left their teaching containing the basic laws of communal life, laws which today are still preserved. Among tenets is the mapalus principle of mutual help, as a reflection of communalism, fraternity, industriousness and faith in God.

The principle of mapalus is expressed in the form of masawa-sawangan (mutual help), maleos-leoson (compassion), malinga-lingaan (attentiveness), matombol-tombolan (mutual support) and maesa-maesan (unifying).

In the society of the Sangihe-Talaud, this same spirit is called mopaluse, in Gorontalo, mohuyula, and in Bolaang Mongondow, pogogutat.

During the Dutch era, a certain number of people from a certain region used to organize a society known as kerukunan paksaan. Such a system also developed outside Minahasa, even in big cities like Jakarta to unify such societies. A bigger organization was set up, called kawanua.

To the community of Sangihe-Talaud, the origins of the people of this area are closely related to the legend known as Modunde.

In the past, according to the legend many thousands of years ago, a big island existed between North Sulawesi mainland and Mindanao, in the Philippines. due to a huge disaster, the island and the people on it sank to the bottom of the sea. Only a few high mountain peaks remained. These are now known as the Islands of Sangihe-Talaud.

The name Sangihe is perhaps derived from the disaster. Sangihe comes from the word sangi which means to cry.

Initially, it was a barren island, known today as Siau Island. To this island came a young, handsome and brave boy by the name of Medunde, supposedly on the back of a huge eagle, which in the Sangihe language, is called gaghuda.

There were nine springs on this island. At these springs, Medunde saw nine beautiful sisters, taking a bath.

On seeing them, Medunde tried to approach them. However as soon as the girls heard his footsteps, they disappeared into the sky. This time Medunde made music on an instrument made of bamboo, a kind of trumpet called bansi.

One day, the ladies did return and bathed at the same pools. Medunde began to play his bansi when the ladies were dressing. They were surprised to hear the sound. Simultaneously, they gathered their clothes and flew away. Unfortunately, the youngest sister was seduced by that sound. To make a long story short, the young man and the girl fell in love and got married. Their children are the original ancestor of the present people of Sangihe-Talaud.

These nine springs still exist on Siau Island and are located between Ulu and Ondong. They used to be visited by married woman who wish to be able to bear children. The name of Siau island is taken from the nine springs, that is, from ake sio.


The existence of an ancient civilization in North Sulawesi is shown by the presence of many waruga stone tombs found in Sawangan. Inside the tombs were found the bodies of old men in squatting position. The waruga suan maybe more than 200 years old.

Later the migrant from North Yunan, a Mongoloid race who practiced farming and believed in Empung Walian Kesuruan, that is, the Almighty God, arrived. They arrived long before the Portuguese came to this area, Diego de Magelhaes in 1655, and Mascarenhas in 1668 to bring the Catholic faith.


The Princess of Pikan the Unifier

The conflicts, that kept festering between the neighboring kingdoms and Minahasa in the past, ruined that area. Those conflicts further sharpened with the arrival of the Dutch, who took advantage of the situation to serve their own trading interest.

From 1460 until 1590, war kept raging between Minahasa and the kingdom of Bolaang Mongondow. It flared up again in 1677 and 1693. Then the warring stopped due to the marriage of the leader of Bolaang Mongondow, and a princess of Minahasa, Pikan.

The Europeans

The Spanish arrived for the first time in Minahasa at around 1521, when the Trinidad ship wrecked. after escaping from Portuguese, they moved to Wenang, and then to Amurang. Later they moved again to the north to Tulau (Sarongsong), to Katinggolan (nearby Woloan) and Toumuung. Here they mixed with the people of Toumbulu.

In 1530, another group of Spanish people arrived. Later, they established contact with the Spanish in Manila. At the orders of the Spanish governor, a Spanish force landed at Manado, and built forts, which were demolished by Minahasan people during the 1643 Minahasa Rebelion. The people united to fight the intruders including the Spanish. That union was known as Maasa Maesa or Minahasa.

The Dutch set foot on the Minahasa on January 10, 1679, after having defeated the Spanish. A peace treaty was signed with the people of Minahasa. Meanwhile, the descendants of Medunde and Siau in Sangihe and Talaud took up contact with the Westerners in 1521. At first, with they had contact a Portuguese seaman by the name of Fernao Magelhaes, who worked for the king of Spain. Magelhaes stopped in Sangihe and Talaud on one of his travel.

Then, in 1523, came a Spanish ship under the command of Martin Iniques de Carguizano. His ship, Santa Maria del Parral, sank near Tahuna. Later a Portuguese ship under Simao de abreau arrived via Tagulandang. And in 1524, the Spanish fleet under the command of Ruy Lopez de Villadebos entered the waters of Sangihe and Talaud.

During struggle for the hegemony among the European powers, it appeared that the people of Sangihe and Talaud helped the sultan of Ternate. With 3,000 soldiers, they tried to climinate the Portuguese. In 1593, a treaty of friendship was closed between the Minahasan kings and spanish kings. Several times, Siau was attacked by the Dutch, such as in 1609, 1614 and 1624, with the assistance of the Spanish.

The Western influence in Minahasa

Historical events in North Sulawesi are mostly based on sources from the past, prior to the arrival of the Europeans. However, one important thing that should be noted concerns the use of the Malay Language in the middle of the 19th century, in matters of political decision making.

It is astonishing that in such a small area, five different tongues should have become main languages. Those languages belonged to the category of the Malay-Polynesian group, and consisted of the languages of Tombulu, Tourlour, Tontemboan, Tonsea and Tonsawang.

The unifying language was Malay, mixed with words derived from the Spanish, Portugish, English, Dutch and local languages, forming the Malay-Manado language.

Besides the blend of languages, the local culture also was influenced by Spanish elements, such as in the way of dressing, and in the dance, as exemplified by the mak wales or waltz in Tara-Tara village, which is perhaps unknown in Spain. Then, there are the dance lancier (lansei), quadrille (katrilli). Other dances are kolcis and kruis polka.

Welcome To North Sulawesi

The Province of North Sulawesi (Sulut) is small compared to others in Sulawesi. It consists of Sangir-Talaud Islands and the northern Sulawesi mainland.

North Sulawesi lies in the northern hemisphere, just north of the equator, between latitudes 0 degree 30' - 4 degrees 3' north and longitudes 121 degree - 127 degree east. It occupies an area of 25,786 square kilometers. Its population numbers more than 2.05 million.

In the north, this province is bounded by southern Philippines and the Sulawesi Sea. In the east by the Maluku Sea, in the south by Tomini Bay and the west by the province of Central Sulawesi.

North Sulawesi's provincial capital is Manado. According to local sources, the name Manado derived from the word manarowe, which means to "gather" or to "unify".

Manado is one of the gateways to Indonesia. Its airport is named Dr. Sam Ratulangi. Its sea ports are Manado and Bitung. The province consists of four regencies: Bolaang Mongondow, Gorontalo, Sangihe Talaud and Minahasa, two cities and one township, Bitung.

The coming of the Spanish and Dutch in the 16th century brought the western cultures to the area, which influenced more or less the social and cultural life of the peoples living in North Sulawesi, mainly those of Minahasa. Christianity, too has given new color to Minahasa's traditions. The people of Minahasa are extroverted but sensitive in certain respects.

During the prehistoric period, the tribes living here embraced animism. When Islam came, they began to embrace the new faith and became staunch Moslems, notably in the regencies of Gorontalo and Bolaang Mongondow. Catholicism and Protestanism gained a strong influence inthe regency of Minahasa, the city of Manado, and the regency of Sangihe-Talaud.

The people of North Sulawesi live from farming crops such as cloves, copra, and also from sea products. North Sulawesi is one of the biggest producer of fish in Indonesia, especially tuna (cackling), shrimps, and seaweed. The regency of Sangihe-Talaud is one vast coconut plantation.

Manado City

Wanang Park

The city of Manado was previously named Wenang. It was taken from the name of the wenang tree that grew in the surroundings. To remember the establishment of Manado, the Wanang Park was built in the city.

Toar-Lumimuut Monument

The Toar-Lumimuut Monument was built to remember the myth of origin of Minahasa. Toar and Lumimuut are supposed to be the first people to have inhabited Malesung. Their descendants are presumably the present people of Minahasa.

Walanda Maramis Monument

The Walanda Maramis Monument is located at Jalan Yos Sudarso, Maumbi village, Air Madidi district. The monument was built to the memory of a female leader who helped raise the dignity of women in North Sulawesi.

Worang Battalion Monument

Pasar Empat Puluh Lima

The Worang Battalion Monument is located on Jalan Sam Ratulangi, near Pasar Empat Puluh Lima. This monument was built eighth years ago to remember the landing of an Indonesia Army task force in North Sulawesi, led by Major H.V. Warong.

The Museum of the Province of North Sulawesi

In the Museum of the Province of North Sulawesi, one can see samples of the cultural legacy of the people of North Sulawesi, including Portuguese relics in Manado. It is located on Jalan K.H. Dewantoro.

The Temple of Ban Hian Kiong

The temple of Ban Hian Kiong is a place of worship for adherent of Confucianism. It is believed that this temple was built in the early 19th century, and is therefore the oldest of its kind in eastern Indonesia. The celebration of the Chinese New Year is held here every year with rituals such as the Toa Peh Kong. Visitors come from as far as Java, Kalimantan and other parts of Indonesia.

The Allied Victory Monument. This 10 meter-high monument was built by the Allied to celebrate their victory over the Japanese during World War II in the Pacific. Bunkers are still found in the area.

Batu Bumi in Beringin

Batu Bumi in Beringin is presumably a hiding place of tribal leaders in the past. Legends are rife in this place.


Waruga in Wawonasa-Singkil is an old stone graveyard of a Dato Rliung Pangau Mandahi the Dato of Batik, who fought against the army of Ternate.

Manado jail

Manado Jail is jail house located in city's center .

The Teling Soldier's Hospital

The Teling Soldier's Hospital was a jail during the Japanese and Dutch periods. A number of prominent Indonesian revolutionaries were held here, and some have died under ill-treatment.

Manado Beach

Manado Beach is a fine beach for recreation and water sports, like sailing and water skiing. during monsoon season from November to March, the waves are huge and dangerous. One can admire the sunset here.

Horse Racing

The Horse Racing arena is on Jalan Ronomuut, in the east of Manado. This arena is furnished with facilities for horses, cows and horse-race wagons. Prior to the races, a ceremony is held.

Youth Center Complex

The Youth Center Complex is on Jalan Achmad Yani, in the southern part of Sario Manado. In the spacious inner yard, there is a sports hall suitable for various kinds of activities.

Siladen Island

Siladen Island is located west of Manado city. Excellent for diving. Snorkeling or swimming.

Towards Minahasa

Lake Tondano

The capital of the Minahasa regency is Tondano. It has a pupolation of approximately 659,012. Tondano is a town located at the side of Lake Tondano, 700 meters above sea level. The city and the lake are surrounded by mountains, the weather is cool. It is about 36 kilometers from Manado.

Waruga is an old graveyard of Minahasa-Manado tribal leaders which made heavy stone blocks, hollow in the middle, with a cover made of stone and shaped like a house.

Plenty of Waruga are found in Minahasa. At least 5,000 are distributed in villages on ancient settlements like those existing in Manado-Wawanosa/Singkil.

The Grave of Imam Bonjol

The Grave of Imam Bonjol is found in Lotah village, Pineleng district, seven kilometers from Manado. Imam Bonjol was the man who led a religious war against the Dutch in West Sumatra. He was captured and exiled to North Sulawesi, where he died in 1837 in this village.

The Grave of Kyai Mojo

The grave of Kyai Mojo is located in a village of Javanese settlers near Tondano, about 36 kilometers from Manado. Kyai Mojo was one of the heroes in the Diponegoro uprising in Java against the Dutch between the years 1825 - 1830. He and his followers exiled to North Sulawesi. He died in 1848.

The Dr. Sam Ratulangi Monument was built in 1958 to keep alive memory of the man who led the political struggle in Minahasa against Dutch colonialism. The monument is located innthe center of the town where he was born, Tondano, 36 kilometers from Manado.

The Javanese Caves

The Japanese Caves are found in the hill near the villages Kiawa and Kawangkoang, about 38 kilometers from Manado. The bunkers were built by Japanese during World War II as defenses against a possible allied invasion, and as arsenals.

Watu Pinabetengan


Watu Pinabetengan lies on the slope of the mountain Awuan, Tonderukan, to the south of Pinabetengan village and 45 kilometers from Manado. The stone is regarded as sacred because, according to legend, it is the place where the ancestors of the Minahasans met in the past to decide about the division of their land. About 100 kilometers from the location there are nine waterfalls which, according to local lore represent to the Siow Walians. Siow Walian were the nine religious leaders at the past.



Tara-tara is about 7 kilometers from Tomohon and is a village where Minahasan traditional arts are performed. The best known dances are Lenso, Maengket and Cakalele. Popular is also the wooden xylophone of Minahasa, known as Kolintang.


Lahendo is a recreation forest grown with pines. In this area is also the Lahendo volcano. The distance from Manado is about 50 kilometers .


Sonder is the biggest clove plantation area in the Minahasa. A mill extracts the oil from the cloves that is used in medicines. In the vicinity is the Pincep waterfall.


The town Tomohon is known as the "City of Christian Students", because it was the first to be developed as a center of Christian education, especially for theological studies.

Mount Lokon

Tomohon is also the religious center of Minahasa. In this cool city with Mount Lokon in the background, various kinds of flowers grow, which is the reason why Tomohon is also known as the "City of Flowers" of North Sulawesi. From Manado, the distance is about 26 kilometers

A few recreation parks in the surroundings of Tomohon.

Indra Loka


Indra Loka, 700 meters above sea level. Available here is a hot-water pool with tennis courts and restaurants. It is located in the village of Kinilow, about 23 kilometers from Manado.

Lake Tondano


Lake Tondano, 700 meters above sea level, is surrounded by forests. In the vicinity is the waterfall of Porsea and a hot-water spring.

Remboken Recreation Park

Remboken Recreation Park, a resort located at the lakeside at Tondano. This park is furnished with bungalows, hot-water pool, and boats. The view on the lake and the green forest is admirable.

Tasik Ria

Tasik Ria, located on the coast 20 kilometers from Manado, can be reached in a few minutes. Ideal for water sports, swimming , fishing, etc.

Air Madidi

In Air Madidi is found the Waruga, the typical prehistoric Minahasan grave where the dead are placed in huddled position in stone coffins.

Kawarukan Beach


Kawarukan Beach, near the village of Kema, about 35 kilometers from Manado, is a recreation beach with facilities for swimming. In the 16th century, a Spanish force landed in this area. Reminders of that period are found in the form of Spanish-style buildings and a few cannons.


Karumenga is a pleasant spa. Facilities include private rooms with clean tubs, and a pool. It is about 50 kilometers from Manado.

Tountimomor Horse Racing

Tountimomor horse racing is a popular sport and spectacle, comparable to the bull races of Madura. This arena is the second biggest after Ranomuut, in Manado. It is 60 kilometers from Manado.

Kayu Watu

Kayu Watu has the biggest gold field in North Sulawesi. Coconut is grown in this area. It is located five kilometers from Manado, on the road to Sam Ratulangi Airport.


Tangkoko-Batuangus is a major Indonesian nature reserve, inhabited by many kinds of protected animals, such as maleo birds, anoas, small deer, snakes and many bird species. To visit the reserve, a permit is required from the Directorate of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (PHPA). The reserve is located in the district of Bitung.

Bunaken Island

Liang Bay

Bunaken Island, opposite Manado harbor, 14 miles to the north of the city, is world famous for its magnificent coral reefs. The island is 10 kilometers long measured from the eastern tip to the western. It is inhabited by about 3,000 people. Not less attractive are its white sandy beaches. At Liang Bay, the sea teems with fish of all colors, shapes and sizes, darting or lingering among the coral stands. This marine park is internationally acclaimed as one of the best in the world.

Many divers and tourists have come to see the park, coming from as far as France, America, Germany and Japan. One can enjoy the wonders of Bunaken by taking a ride on a glass-bottomed boat, or go snorkeling or skin-diving. some fish spices are found nowhere else.


Lembe Island

Kema Island

The township of Bitung is located in the north coast of Sulawesi, about 43 kilometers from Manado. Bitung the main harbor of East Indonesia. Bitung is located opposite Lembe Island, which is known for its fruits, as well as its beaches. In the vicinity is Kema Island, with its white beaches. The mountains of the Minahasa mainland are clearly visible. The waters in this area are famed for their tuna.

Air Prang

At the northern end of the Bitung coastline is Air Prang, where an installation is found to supply ships with fresh water.

Bolaang Mongondow


The capital of the Bolaang Mongondow regency is Kotamobagu, 165 kilometers away from Manado. The regency is 7,600 square kilometers large and embraces 15 districts, consisting of 211 village. It is inhabited by approximately 296,000 people. The population constitutes a mixture of various Indonesian ethnic groups, such as Minahasans, Balinese, Gorontalo, Sangihe, Bugis and Javanese.


A small airport is found at Dumoga, which is located to the northwest of Kotamobagu. Communication line between Minahasa - Bolaang Mongondow and Manado city, 186 kilometers away are good. A network of good roads interlink the towns of Manado - Amurang - Motoling Tompaso Baru - Modoinding - Bolaang Mongondow, and Manado - Amurang - Poigar - Inobonto - Bolaang Mongondow.

Lake Mooat

Lake Mooat lies 900 meters above sea level and has a cool climate. Located in the Modayag district, it can easily be reached. Modayag is about nine kilometers from Kotamobagu.

Dumoga Bone National Park

The Dumoga bone National Park is about 270 kilometers from Manado. In this park grow various kinds of sea grasses and trees. The park, also contains various species of rare animals, such as maleo birds, kuskus and reptiles.

Air Anjing

The bathing beach of Air Anjing derives its name from a story according to which the spring was found by disoriented hunting dog. When is scratched the earth, water sprang out of the ground. The site is found in the Poigar district, and can be reached from Kotamobagu, about 47 kilometers further on the main road, towards the north.


Kasinggolan is located in the district of Dumoga, 60 kilometers from Kotamabogu or 200 kilometers from Manado. In this area, a dam has created an artificial lake for irrigation. Near the dam is park for recreation.

Molosing Island

Tiga Island

Molosing Island and Tiga Island are covered with ivory-white sands, strewn with rocks and corals. Molosing Island is only two miles away from the Sulawesi mainland, and can be reached by sailboat or motorboat from Lolak harbor, about 90 kilometers from Kotamabogu.

Tobongan Tapaibeken

At a site in the hills of Tobongan Tapaibeken one can see iron pillars as big as coconut trees, which somebody must have planted there for unknown reasons. During the reign of G. D. Manoppo (1915 - 1933) of the kingdom of Bolaang Mongondow, the Dutch were allowed to explore for gold in the area. Possibly that was why the pillars were erected.

Bolonsio Mountain

In Bolonsio Mountain, remnants of old gold mines, operated during the period of the Molibaga kingdom, are still found. The river of Lolak with its beautiful waterfall flows through the area. In the northern part of Bolaang Mongondow the fields along the road are covered with potatos, tomatos, onions and other vegetables.



The regency of Sangihe-Talaud is located north of the North Sulawesi peninsula, and just south of the southern islands of the Philippines. This regency consists of 77 island groups. Of those, 56 islands are inhabited.

Sangir Besar



Two main groups can be distinguished: Sangihe, comprising the islands Sangir Besar, Siau, Tagulandang and Biaro; and Talaud consisting of the islands Karakelang, Salibabu, Kabaruan, Nanusa, Miangas, plus many other small islets.


Sea communication between the islands is accomplished by boats. The people's sources of livelihood are copra and fishing. The capital of the regency is Tahuna, which located on Sangir Besar Island and has a population of more than 250,000. The territory of this regency consists more of sea than land.


Naha is the name of the airport of Sangihe-Talaud. It is located 21 kilometers from Tahuna and Malaguane. Aircraft from Manado make their stop here. The regency's sea ports are Tahuna, Siau, Tagulandang and Beo.

Plenty of coconut, nutmeg, clove and ebony trees are grown on these islands. A tropical forest 30,000 hectares large is still found on Karakelang Island and contains various species of tropical hardwood. Animal special living there are wild pigs, small deer, alligators, kuskus, musang (a kind of civet cat) and squirrels. Among the bird species found here are green cockatoos, maleo birds and kumkum birds.

The people of Sangihe-Talaud are good and ardent musicians. The most popular kinds are bamboo music, bia music (from sea shells) and tagonggong music. They usually accompany the typical rhythmic dances of Sangihe-Talaud. Normally, such music and dances can be heard and seen during festive occasions.

The indigenous dance repertoire includes the Gunde (worship dance), Salo (war dances), Bengko (war dance using spears) and Upase (to accompany the Saalo dance, perfumed by the king's guards). Others are Alabadiri (illustrating the cooperative spirit in work between the government and the people), and Ransa Sahabe (similar to the Alabadiri dance).

Relatively new dances are Kakalumpang (illustrating cooperation among the people during the coconut harvest), the fisherman's dance, Madunde (dance of the nine goddesses), Empat Wayer (youth dance), Toumatiti and Petik Pala (nutmeg picking dance).

The King;s Palace is the royal residence of the Tahuna kingdoms, Manganitu and Tamaka. Inside the building are kept relics of the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and Tagalog episodes, besides a few fossils.

The Old Church in the district of Manganitu was built by Steyler, a German missionary in the last century. Inside the church are an old pipe organ (organ), and antique chairs that were once the personal belongings of Steyler.

Karakelang Island

Tiwonanai Cave and Pani Cave

Two caves are found on Karakelang Island: Tiwonanai Cave and Pani Cave. Banda Cave on Apan, and Totombatu Cave on Tarakan.

On the northern islands the remains of some old Portuguese forts complete with ancient cannons, as well as relics by the old kingdom including the king's graves.

The local crafts consist mainly of utensils made of rattan, bamboo and some women products.

Nature Reserves Around Manado

Among the great treasures of North Sulawesi are the nature reserves, recreation forests, wildlife reserves or hunting park, that exist in the province.

Mount Lokon Nature Reserve


The Mount Lokon Nature Reserve is located 28 kilometers from Manado, via Kakas. One has to walk another four kilometers to reach the reserve. The park is located at an elevation of 1,580 meters above sea level, and occupies an area of approximately 100 hectares. The surroundings are grown with pandanas trees. Typical Mountain vegetation is found in the higher areas, along the slopes of two still active volcanoes.

Dua Saudara Mountains Nature Reserve

The Dua Saudara Mountains Nature Reserve contains various species of rare flora and fauna. It is 4,299 hectares large and lies at a height of 1,361 meters above sea level. The park adjoins the Mount Tangkoko Nature reserve. It can be reached from Manado by public vehicle in one hour over the route: Manado-Girian-Dua Saudara, which 47 kilometers ling. Or by seaway via Bitung.

Mount Tangkoko Nature Reserve

The Mount Tangkoko Nature Reserve is located north of Bitung, about 60 kilometers from Manado. The elevation 1,109 meters above sea level. The park is about 3,200 hectares large. Found inside this nature reserve are banyan trees, orchid, edelweiss and aras. The wildlife population includes anoas, monkeys, black monkeys, deer, kuskus, rangkong and maleo birds.

Mount Ambang Nature Reserve

The Mount Ambang Nature Reserve occupies an area of 8,638 hectares near the mountains Limibut, Ambang and Muayat. THis reserve is 180 kilometers from Manado, on the roadside between Kotamobagu and Manado.

The Tangale Nature Reserve located 35 kilometers from Gorontalo. It is inhabited by various kinds rare birds. The reserve is 125 hectares large.

The Pulau Mas, Popaya and Raja Nature Reserve consist of the three islands located not far to the west of Tanjung Samin, in the distrtict of Kwandang. Living in this area are green turtles, belimbing turtles and the rare finturtles. Kwandang is 90 kilometers from Gorontalo, and can be reached in one hour. From Kwandang to Raja island, the trip takes two and a half hours by motorboat.

Panua Nature Reserve is 160 kilometers from Gorontalo, via Trans-Sulawesi Highway. Still found here are cempaka, banyan, and latula trees, and rare bird species like the maleo. This nature reserve lies in an area 45,000 hectares large and is the main breeding place for maleo birds.

Wawontulap Arakan Sea Nature Reserve

The Wawontulap Arakan Sea Nature Reserve can be reached by sea from Manado's seaport or from Tanawangko harbor in three hours. The sea here is clean and grown with beautiful rare sea grasses. Decorative fishes in various colors inhabit the waters.

Manembo-nembo Wildlife Reserve

The Manembo-nembo Wildlife Reserve is located in the distrtict of Tumpaan and Tombariri, Regency of Minahasa. It is 6,560 hectares large and can be reached from Manado through Tanawangko-Popontolen-Paslaten, for distance of 55 kilometers. Living here are anoas, monkeys endemic to Sulawesi green snakes and kuskus.

Batuputih Recreation Park

The Batuputih Recreation Park is located in an area 625 hectares large, 60 kilometers from Manado, near Bitung. Various species of sea vegetation are found in this park. Also rare animals, such as tarsier, kuskus, black monkeys, bird king prawns, and bees.

Batuangus Recreation Park

The Batuangus Recreation Park has a feature formed by an eruption of the volcano in 1839. The park covers an area of 635 hectares, 450 meters above sea level. One can take a motorboat in Bitung and arrive at the mooring at Batuangus within 45 minutes. One walks down pathway from Batuputih, which is a distance of 18 kilometers.

Karakelang Island Hunting Park

The Karakelang Island Hunting Park is a recreation forest for hunting by wild animals such as wild buffaloes and wild pigs. The northern and southern forest areas are respectively 16,000 and 5,200 hectares large. It takes a two or three days trip by sea to reach Manado or two hours by air.

The Dumoga-Bone National Park is located in the distrtict of Bolaang Mongondow, Regency of Gorontalo. It can be reached over land by driving along the coast via Manado-Kapitu-Inobonto-Kotamobagu-Dumoga-Doloduo, a distance of 200 kilometers. Another land route leads over Manado-Kapitu-Motoling-Tompasobaru-Amabang Mountain- Doloduo, for a distance of 250 kilometers, in 5 hours. Living in this park are anoas, deer pigs, maleo and kuntul birds. The ecosystem of this area is well-managed. The park is an important site for field research.



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